Concentrated liquid extracts of marijuana plants are becoming more and more popular as an alternative medicine, but science is not available.
The popularity of marijuana in medicine is growing and among the many products that consumers are looking for is CBD or cannabis oil.
Many marketing articles, blogs and anecdotes claim that CBD oils can cure everything you have, even cancer. But limited research does not suggest that cannabis oil should be recommended instead of the very rare epilepsy medication (and even so, only as a last resort). And, experts warn that because CBD oil and other cannabis-based products have not been formulated and tested for safety by the government or any third-party agency, it is difficult for consumers to know exactly what they are getting.
In simpler terms, cannabis oil is a concentrated liquid extract of the marijuana plant Cannabis sativa.
Similar to other plant extracts, the chemicals in cannabis oil vary depending on how the extract is prepared and what chemicals are present in the plant.
Cannabis plants produce thousands of compounds, but the best known is a class called cannabinoids. There are several cannabinoids, but the two most popular with consumers are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol).
THC is the main ingredient in marijuana psychedelics and is what people want when they want to look for a product that gives them a “high”. “Unlike THC, CBD is not known for its psychological effects and is therefore appealing to those who want to avoid the above but believe that there are other benefits of CBD,” said Sarard, a pharmacist at Temple University in Philadelphia.
The physiological effects of cannabinoids can vary from person to person, depending on how they are used. “Unpredictability is one of the reasons that cannabis oil is a challenging candidate to become a drug,” Ward told LiveScience Science. “Two people may eat one brown [made with cannabis oil] and one may absorb large amounts of cannabinoids and the other may not,” he said. “How long it takes and how long it stays in the system is very different.”
When the product is absorbed by smoking or evaporating the oil, it is more uniform, Ward said. But, “there are obvious concerns about smoking.” A 2007 study published in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine found that smoking marijuana in respiratory health resulted in a similar reduction in tobacco smoking. A similar study published in the American Journal of Cardiology in 2014 found that inhaling marijuana smoke could increase the risk of heart attack or stroke. None of the studies have analyzed the effects of cannabis oil evaporation alone, so it is unclear whether it has the same health risks as smoking other marijuana products.
Why do people use cannabis oil?
People claim that canned oil can be used to treat a wide range of conditions, although there is often no evidence to support these claims. For example, according to today’s medical news, people use cannabis oil for conditions ranging from pain to acne. Some even claim that oil can cure diseases such as Alzheimer’s and cancer. (But again, there is no clinical evidence to support these claims.)
A study published in the journal Frontiers in Pharmacology in 2017 explained how CBD may act to protect the hippocampus – the part of the brain responsible for several important functions such as learning, memory and navigation – in times of stress. Prevent the destruction of brain cells caused by schizophrenia. Another 2017 study published in the Annals of Palliative Medicine shows a small number of studies showing that cannabis oils containing THC or CBD, or both, may help with chronic pain management, but the mechanism is unclear.
Cannabis treatment has been more promising for people with certain forms of epilepsy. The only FDA-approved drug, Epidiolex, is an oral CBD solution for the treatment of both rare and severe epilepsy. According to MedPage today, a recent clinical trial showed that Epidiolex reduced seizures by 50% in children with Draut Syndrome, a type of epilepsy.
Why are medical professionals hesitant about CBD?
It is important to know that research in this area is in its infancy, in part because we have not understood much about CBD until recently. “The DEA classifies marijuana as a program 1 drug, making it difficult to use substances in laboratory studies,” he said. “Under the DEA program, drugs 1 have a high potential for abuse and are illegal under federal law.”
Because of this classification, researchers are not easy to get their hands on this drug. “It does not mean that you cannot do that, but there are loops that you can jump through, and it is a pain that may keep researchers from entering this space,” Ben Miller said. ” “Relatively speaking, this is a small group of people in the United States researching cannabinoids in humans.”
However, cannabis research is growing. “If we go back five years, I think you will see more studies. These studies could further suggest that CBD may be beneficial to them, and may also show that some of the reasons people say they use CBD oil are not scientifically supported but are a placebo effect. And that’s why we have to do the studies.
The side effects of using marijuana-based products are unclear, Ben-Miller said. “Identifying cannabinoids, which are medically beneficial when understanding and using cannabinoids that are less risky,” he said. At least with CBD, he said, it does not appear to be addictive. This is different from THC, which is associated with addiction, and has negative side effects, including acute anxiety, he said.
What consumers need to know
Ben and Miller and Ward emphasize that the consumer must be proficient in what he buys and the research that is done there. “The companies that make [cannabis oils] make a lot of claims about their use that are not necessarily proven by any research or proof,” Ben Miller said. “I think from a consumer perspective, there has to be a lot of vigilance,” he added.
Not all products on the shelf are the same, Ward said. “There are many different types, and if you are thinking of doing it for medical reasons, you want to find a reliable source and do your research,” he said. “Where does this oil come from, and how confident can you be that you know the exact percentage of different cannabinoids in the product?”