The Truth about Exfoliation


One of the questions most people have in mind is how often should you exfoliate. It is an essential skincare routine that helps restore your skin to desired complexion and texture. Exfoliation makes the skin smooth and can easily add a glow that is hard to ignore. If you have always desired to have baby-soft skin with a smooth texture, this will help attain that. Nonetheless, exfoliation should never be done excessively.

First Step-Understand your Skin Type

An essential first step before you begin using this skincare method is to understand your skin type. We have all been created with unique skin types. Age is also an essential factor that will affect how you will respond to the method.

The main skin types can be categorized into the following:

  • Oily skin-the skin type where sebum is produced in excessive amounts. The gland that produces sebum is referred to as the sebaceous glands. The substance is waxy and oily and is responsible for hydrating and protecting the skin. Excessive sebum can result in oily skin, acne, or clogged pores.
  • Mature skin-this skin is susceptible, finer, with wrinkles, and more fragile. Most people above the age of 35 have mature skin. This can, however, depend on an individual’s history.
  • Sensitive skin-prone to inflammation and can react adversely. It tends to respond easily to chemicals, fragrances, or dye. Friction or clothing can also lead to rashes or irritation.
  • Dry skin-marked by itching, cracking, or scaling. It can be naturally dry, or oily skin can transform into a dry one.
  • Normal skin-a well-balanced skin with the right amount of sebum and moisture. It is not too dry, neither is it too oily.
  • Mixed or combination skin type-can be a combination of dry or oily skin. Some parts of the face tend to the dry, and others oily.

Second Step-What are your Options

There are generally two types of exfoliation, that is, physical and chemical exfoliation. Physical exfoliation includes the use of washcloths, face scrubs, facial brushes or sponges, microdermabrasion, or the use of microbeads.

Chemical exfoliators are available as plant-based enzymes or chemicals such as hydroxyl acids and beta hydroxyl acids. They work by breaking down the bonds that hold together the skin cells, making it easy to scrub off the old skin layer. This results in renewed, smoother, and radiant skin.

Third Step-What method to use for your Skin Type

If you have oily skin, then both physical and chemical exfoliation will work. Physical exfoliation will remove the excessive oil, whereas the chemicals penetrate the sebum layer making it easier to remove the unwanted layer.

For mature skin, both chemical and physical exfoliation will work. However, it is essential to choose a product that contains recommended anti-aging ingredients.

Sensitive skin requires gentle products if you choose physical exfoliation. These are smooth on the skin and will not irritate it. Specific chemicals such as mandelic acid and PHAs are ideal for sensitive skin since they do not penetrate deeply into the skin like other chemicals.

Those with normal skin have more options. Either physical or chemical exfoliators will work perfectly, just like combination skin. However, you have to apply the right product to the right part if you have combination skin.

Final Step- How Often Should You Exfoliate

The frequency of exfoliation will depend on the method in question. Physical exfoliants should never be used more than three times a week. Doing so may irritate the skin.

As for chemical exfoliants, the ingredients therein, whether leave-on or wash-off, are key determinants. Use leave-on exfoliants 2 to 3 times a week maximum. Wash-off exfoliants can be applied at any time. It is also essential to read and follow product guidelines.

Exfoliation, when done regularly, can result in smooth and glowing skin. Certified dermatologists have approved this. You have to choose between chemical or physical exfoliation, which helps eliminate the dead skin cells and bring out the fresh new cells hidden underneath the skin. Exfoliation not only renews the skin but also keeps it clean and eliminates ace breakouts.

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